Zika Virus

Zika Virus

Zika Virus

Birth Defect

Microcephaly

Since the Zika outbreak in early 2015, Brazilian officials reported an in-crease in the number of babies born with microcephaly, which is now believed to be directly linked to Zika virus infection (there are other factors that can cause this birth defect as well).

In early 2016, World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika Virus a public health emergency of international concern, a direct response to the Zika outbreak in Brazil a year earlier. With summer travel season upon us, and 2016 Summer Olympic in Brazil, this update is to provide general information from CDC website as FYI.

CAUSE

Usually through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito

SYMPTOMS

Fever, Rash, Joint Pain, Headache, Red Eyes.

If you experience any of these symptoms [even if you have not traveled to a Zika area], talk to your family doctor. Zika testing is conducted at certain labs.

AREAS WITH ZIKA

Africa, Southeast Asia, South America (Brazil), US Territories.
United States: There is not a local mosquito borne Zika virus, but there have been travel associated cases.

PREVENTION

NO vaccine exists at this time. Avoiding mosquito bites is the best preventative measure, especially if you plan to travel to Zika areas.

PREGNANT WOMEN

According to U.S. researchers, the risk of microcephaly could be as high as 13%. If you are infected by Zika virus, you may be at a higher risk of a birth defect called microcephaly. Avoid traveling to the Zika area is the best preventative measure. If you must travel (to a Zika area), please talk to your family doctor first.

The CDC has stated that the highest risk for microcephaly appears to be when the mother is infected during the first 3 months of pregnancy, after which the risk was greatly reduced.

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